Glen Echo Improvement Association, Inc.
Weed Control

Glen Echo uses several techniques to successfully manage the lake. We contract with Solitude Lake Management for weed management services. Solitude evaluates the lake each spring and assists us in determining the best course of action for optimum weed control. We typically rely on three weed control processes. First, a chemical weed treatment, if needed, occurs mid summer. Second, a drawdown of anywhere between 0 - 4 feet that would normally begin around October 1st. And finally, a refill, or closing of the dam gate, in mid December to mid January. The Drawdown/Refill is managed by the Todd Girard, Charlton Conservation Agent, GEIA Dam Monitor, Andy McMahon, and the town's Dam Monitor for Glen Echo, Skip Bellerive. Depending on Solitude's study, we may decide to proceed with some or all of these control measures. Schedules are set out below.

Congratulations to our winner, Pete Roberts! Pete won the 50/50 Glacier Glen raffle! We raised $640 in ticket sales, so Pete won $320 and $320 was deposited into the weed fund account. Special thanks to the individuals who have donated $70 or over to the weed fund for 2016

Biological Survey

There is no biological survey scheduled at this time.

Chemical Weed Treatment Schedule

2016 Weed Treatment
Proposed Treatment Areas
Weed treatment on Tuesday, June 21, 2016
Weed treatment - booster for fanwort - on Wednesday, July 13, 2016
Weed treatment - booster for fanwort - on Thursday, August 4, 2016

Restrictions:
No Fishing, Swimming, and Boating until August 5, 2016
No live stock watering until August 5, 2016
No Direct Drinking until August 5, 2016
No Irrigation for 90 days or until October 13, 2016

PLEASE KEEP BOAT TRAFFIC TO A MINIMUM ON TREATMENT DAY. At the very least if you are out on the water, and see the fan boats, PLEASE STAY AWAY FROM THEM. Wave action can affect the concentration levels of the herbicide, thereby the effectiveness of the treatment.

Solitude Info on the Irrigation Restriction:
The irrigation restriction is set in place until October 13, 2016 because 1) the product used is a very slow release chemical and therefore it sits in the water for a longer time than a contact herbicide would, and 2) this isn't a one time treatment - Solitude will come 2 or 3 times over 2-3 month period, which bumps the irrigation time to months rather than days or weeks.

Reports

Lycott's 2012 Summary Report

2013 Herbicide Management Summary Report

2014 Aquatic Vegetation Management Report for Glen Echo Lake

Aquatic Control Technology: 2015 Summary Report for Glen Echo Lake
Includes ACT's management activities during 2015 as well as broad management recommendations for 2016.

Solitude: 2016 Year-End Report

Fanwort & Milfoil Notice

Fanwort & Milfoil spread due to fragmentation. DO NOT PULL, CHOP, RAKE, CUT, etc. either of these weeds as it will MAKE IT SPREAD AND MAKE THE INFESTATION WORSE.

If you don't know what either of these weeds look like, please look here: http://aquaplant.tamu.edu/plant-identification/alphabetical-index/fanwort/
http://des.nh.gov/organization/commissioner/pip/factsheets/bb/documents/bb-23.p

Drawdown/Refill Schedule

Drawdown to begin October 15, 2016

The Conservation Commission has granted our request for a 4-foot drawdown for 2016. The drawdown will start on October 15th. The drawdown rate will be 1-2 inches per day until we have drawn down the lake four feet (at the spillway).

Please note that residents are allowed to perform general clean up and maintenance of their water front while the lake is down. HOWEVER, this work must be done by hand. If you have to perform work which requires equipment (other than you, a wheelbarrow, a shovel, etc), you MUST contact the Conservation Commission to file the proper paperwork and receive a DEP number.

Jackie Nowak President, GEIA

Refill info: Refill will start after a hard freeze and upon notification from Solitude.

Click Here to review the Department of Fisheries and Wildlife Drawdown Performance Standards

Water Quality Testing

Not applicable at this time.

Order of Conditions

GEIA maintains a current Notice of Intent (NOI) for the continuation of the drawdown and herbicide treatment for weed control.


Dam Legislation (Charlton, MA)

This legislation passed. Read S. 2108 Legislation


Narrows Case Update


Department of Fisheries and Wildlife
Drawdown Performance Standard

Division of Fisheries and Wildlife

Drawdown Performance Standards for the Protection of Fish and Wildlife Resources

Approved by the Fisheries and Wildlife Board on September 23, 2002

The Wetlands Protection Act requires that the Division of Fisheries and Wildlife be notified of any proposed drawdown where rare species habitat is involved. To identify areas of rare species habitat, consult the most recent edition of the "Massachusetts Natural Heritage Atlas" which contains maps of Estimated Habitats and Priority Habitats of rare wildlife.

Drawdowns are commonly used as a technique to control aquatic vegetation in many Massachusetts waterbodies. The Division has statutory authority for regulating the take of these resources under Massachusetts General Law Chapter 131 and Chapter 321 of the Code of Massachusetts Regulations. Based on the Division of Fisheries and Wildlife's knowledge and understanding of aquatic ecosystems, the following performance standards were developed to protect fish and wildlife resources when a lake drawdown is proposed.

For drawdowns exceeding 3 feet the Division of Fisheries and Wildlife must be contacted directly for a site-specific review of potential impacts to fish and wildlife resources. For drawdowns of 3 feet or less, the proponent must either 1) contact the Division of Fisheries and Wildlife for a site-specific review; or 2) meet the performance standards below:

1. Drawdowns must commence after November 1st.

Drawdowns have been documented to be effective for vegetation control in certain situations but still constitute an artificial disturbance. Consequently, any drawdown should take place for the minimum amount of time required to accomplish the lake-management goal for which the drawdown is conducted. A November 1st start date for the drawdown will allow the following conditions to be met:

  • The pond can be drained at the appropriate rate.
  • Sufficient time will be provided for the drawdown to be effective.
  • The pond can be filled prior to the refill deadline.

Maintaining full pool elevation until this date will also minimize the risk of in-lake and downstream fish kills caused by temperature stress and low dissolved oxygen. Fish kills that occur during the warm weather months are often caused by the interaction between water temperature and oxygen depletion in shallow, heavily vegetated lakes (Bennett, 1970). These lakes tend to have elevated oxygen concentrations during the daytime while vegetation is photosynthesizing, yet experience oxygen depletions at night while live plants are respiring and large amounts of decaying organic matter create excessive biological oxygen demand (Wetzel, 1975). Low dissolved oxygen situations are common in numerous small, shallow lakes in Massachusetts. A reduction of the surface water elevation under these conditions could further exacerbate an already critical condition. Temperature-induced fish kills can also be caused by the release of large volumes of warm surface water into a coldwater fishery resource during summer or early fall. One recent example occurred in Coal Mine Brook in Worcester, resulting in a significant kill of brook trout.

Part of the Division's management responsibilities is to provide recreational opportunities. Initiating the drawdown after November 1st will minimize impacts on fall recreation by maintaining public boat ramp access and other recreational opportunities. Anglers, seeking to take advantage of stocked trout resources, or warmwater fish species that become more active in the fall, will launch boats or fish from shore. Low water levels can expose boat ramps and hinder safe boat launching. Likewise, exposed mud flats or accumulated dying vegetation can limit access to shore fishing.

2. The drawdown must be completed (reach its lowest elevation) by December 1st.

Amphibians, reptiles and other aquatic organisms need to be able to move to deeper water before ice formation and substrate freezing. Completion by December 1st will also allow aquatic mammals to locate alternate lodge sites and for beaver to relocate food caches before ice formation.

3. Lake refill must be achieved by April 1st.

This refill date will ensure that the resource is impacted for the shortest time period while still allowing the drawdown to be effective. Establishing stable pool elevations by April 1st will provide suitable spawning habitat for littoral spawning fish species. Also, spring traditionally signals the beginning of the fishing season for most Massachusetts anglers pursuing both cold and warmwater fish species. Many ponds are also scheduled for trout stocking in the early spring. For the same reasons previously described, access to public boat ramps (for boats and stocking trucks) and shoreline fishing must be maintained.

4. The drawdown rate must not exceed 4 cubic feet per second per square mile of drainage area (cfsm), as measured at the outlet structure, or must not exceed three inches of lake elevation change per day, whichever results in the lower downstream flow rate. Once the drawdown level has been achieved, lake outflow must equal lake inflow. During the lake refill period, 0.5 cfsm must be maintained at the outflow.

A major biological concern and priority for the Division is protecting instream flows for fish and wildlife resources. Working in conjunction with researchers at Cornell University, the Division is utilizing the target fish community approach to assess stream fisheries resources and establish restoration goals in flow-stressed streams. An important component of restoration or maintenance of any stream fish community is the establishment of seasonal stream flow requirements. In the absence of site-specific stream flow data, we utilize the United States Fish and Wildlife Service Aquatic Base Flow (ABF) Policy to protect fish and wildlife resources.

The ABF Policy focuses on measuring the flows in healthy, unregulated streams and rivers in New England to determine average seasonal flows for the region. Seasonal recommendations, from typical low summer flows to typical spring runoff (referred to as the natural hydrograph) can then be applied during the appropriate time of year in regulated resources or in instances where water withdrawal or manipulation is proposed. The seasonal ABF recommendations are 0.5 cfsm in the summer, 1.0 cfsm in the fall/winter, and 4.0 cfsm in the spring.

Most drawdowns are conducted during the winter for vegetation control. This creates flow rates that will be greater than the winter ABF recommendation during pond drawdown and less that the winter ABF recommendation during refill. The drawdown rates listed above, although outside the value for the winter ABF recommendation, will maintain stream flows within the range that would be expected in the natural hydrograph.

Providing the flows listed in the performance criteria will prevent the stream from going dry during pond refill, minimize downstream erosion and prevent fish stranding in the pond.

References

Bennet, G. W. 1970. Management of lakes and ponds. Van Nostrand ReinholdCompany, New York, NY.

Wetzel, R. G. 1975. Limnology. W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, PA.